Despite a significant rise in the country’s outbound jobs, the growth of remittances earnings is set decline in outgoing year 2017, said a RMMRU report on Thursday
Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit projected that the country remittance earning is expected to be declined 0.81 per cent in 2017.Expatriates’ sent US$ 12.37 billion home during January to November period.
If the trend continues the total inward remittances will stand at US$ 13.50 billion in 2017. The amount of remittances was US$ 13.61billion in 2016.
The report was disclosed at a press conference at the National Press Club in the city. It said the outflow of workers might be increased 34.15 per cent in 2017.
Tasneem Siddiqui , founding chair of the RMMRU presented the report at the conference said in terms of upward trend, the remittance earnings could not be increased. But it has happened as a large number of workers were forced to come back home before completing their contract period.
Mismanagement exists in the migration process as a section of manpower recruiters, middlemen and manpower bureau officials are involved with it, the RMMRU chair said.
Like previous years, the highest amount of remittances came from Saudi Arabia which is 17.15 per cent of the total amount followed by United Arab Emirates (UAE) 15.97 per cent, United States (US) 13.77, Malaysia 7.53 and United Kingdom 7.38 per cent.
Of the 10 lakh workers migrated abroad this year, the highest number of workers was hired by the Saudi Arabia with 513862 workers until November while Malaysia was second with 83169 workers.
The top source area is Comilla as maximum number of migration happened from the district which is 10.62 per cent. Although the migration from traditional areas remained same like that of past years, it declined in Tangail.
Tasneem Siddiqui said a small number of workers were coming to lodge their complaints to the authority concerned. Since inception of online cell in 2009, some 645 complaints were lodged while 431 of those were settled.
“So access to justice has not been improved for the workers,” she said.
The migration sector is fully dependent on middlemen, she said citing a study of RMMRU.
She added that there was no way to come true their dream to go abroad without interferences in intermediaries.
About Malaysian labour market, she said that if the syndication would not happen, the number of workers increased to Malaysia.
About female migration, RMMRU report mentioned that female migration itself increased over 4.0 per cent in 2017 than that of last year. But there is a lack of attention of protection on the female workers.
Quoting a research finding, the report said about 44 per cent of the workers returned home among the migrant households. So it is understood that a large number of workers came back home since beginning of migration from the country.
The trend of international migration also increased from the climate-affected areas, which has been another positive side, it mentioned.
There is a big challenge to address the irregular migration as a significant number of people travelled to Europe from Bangladesh in 2017. The government should attention in this area properly.
Like before Bangladesh is still dependent on single country to send workers which is not good for the migration. This years the highest number of migration to Saudi Arabia, according the report.